If you’re looking to explore Canada this summer, you’ll first have to navigate the fluctuating patchwork of travel restrictions aimed at preventing the spread of the novel coronavirus throughout the country.
Here’s a look at some of the rules for each province and territory:
Newfoundland and Labrador
On July 3, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and P.E.I. will ease inter-provincial travel restrictions within the region, creating a so-called “Atlantic bubble.”
The move comes as COVID-19 cases on the East Coast have dipped in recent weeks.
Atlantic Canadians will be allowed to travel within the region without having to self-isolate when arriving in another province.
Visitors from provinces and territories outside the region will still be required to self-isolate for two weeks and adhere to local entry requirements. However, once the self-isolation period has passed, those visitors will also be allowed to travel within the Atlantic region.
If all goes well, Newfoundland Premier Dwight Ball has suggested that restrictions on out-of-region travellers may be further relaxed in his province on July 17.
But until the Atlantic bubble opens, non-residents are barred from entering Newfoundland and Labrador, except in extenuating circumstances.
Residents can travel freely within the province, including to second homes, parks and campgrounds.
Each province in the Atlantic bubble will choose its own process for tracking and monitoring travellers.
Nova Scotia Premier Stephen McNeil said border monitoring would involve asking people for identification in order to verify which province the traveller is from.
Those with identification from outside the Atlantic region will be required to self-isolate. There’s no set date for the removal of that requirement, and the provincial government says its timeline for rolling back restrictions is subject to change.
People don’t need permission to enter Nova Scotia, however, until July 3, all out-of-province visitors are required to self-isolate for 14 days. After that date, those from the Atlantic bubble won’t have to isolate, but other inter-provincial visitors will.
There are no restrictions on movement within the province, but travellers are asked to abide by guidelines on physical distancing and gatherings.
Private campgrounds have reopened, but only at 50 per cent capacity and they must ensure public health protocols are followed, including adequate distancing between campsites. Cottagers can visit their vacation homes.
Prince Edward Island
As part of the travel bubble, all Atlantic visitors to P.E.I. will have to fill out a self-declaration form online and provide a copy to border officers before entering the province. They’ll also be subject to public health and proof-of-residency screenings.
As it stands, until July 3 all non-essential visits to the Island are prohibited, except for seasonal residents, who have to apply for approval.
New Brunswick has amended some of its strict border controls in the lead-up to joining the Atlantic bubble.
New Brunswickers no longer need to self-isolate when returning from work trips in other parts of the country.
Non-residents are also allowed to visit family in the province if they’re symptom-free and self-isolate for the first two weeks of their trip.
The same conditions apply to non-residents who own property in New Brunswick.
Quebec has reopened travel within most of the province, but officials encourage people to limit trips between regions.
Quebecers are allowed to vacation in other parts of the province, but are asked to follow safety precautions.
Recommendations include planning your itinerary around local health measures, allowing extra time for delays and limiting non-essential pit stops on the road.
Police checkpoints remain in Nunavik and the Cree Territory of James Bay to limit non-essential travel into the territories.
There are no border closures or self-isolation requirements for out-of-province travellers.
Ontario strongly discourages non-essential trips, but has yet to lay out formal rules about travel.
In the meantime, ferry service between the city of Toronto and the Toronto Islands resumed on June 27.
In general, travellers coming to Manitoba from outside the province are required to self-isolate for two weeks.
However, people from Western Canada or northwestern Ontario can now travel without self-isolating, so long as they haven’t left the region for the prior two weeks and don’t have COVID-19 symptoms.
The exception applies to British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut and the region of Ontario west of Terrace Bay.
Certain types of out-of-province professionals are also exempt from self-isolation requirements, including health-care providers, law enforcement and infrastructure workers.
Members of professional sports teams or film crews are also exempt if they’re symptom-free and self-isolate at home for two weeks prior to entering the province.
Manitoba has also eased restrictions prohibiting travel north of the 53rd parallel to allow residents of Western Canada and northwestern Ontario to visit campgrounds, cottages or parks. They’re asked to travel directly to their destination, and avoid going into remote or First Nations communities.
Additionally, the province has lifted a rule that only allowed people to travel to northern communities for reasons such as work, child custody arrangements and camping.
There aren’t self-isolation requirements for travellers entering Saskatchewan. However, officials recommend that returning residents monitor for COVID-19 symptoms for two weeks, and visitors are asked to abide by public health measures.
The province lifted a ban on non-essential travel in the northwest on June 7, but then reversed course to restrict travel to certain high-risk communities in the region.
Northern public health officials are cautioning against non-essential travel between northwest Saskatchewan and northern Alberta until further notice. They’re also urging northern Saskatchewan residents who cross the border to self-isolate for two weeks upon return.
Recreational travel within the province is permitted, but the province that warns there are restrictions that could impact your trip.
Some private campgrounds and regional parks have reopened. But only Saskatchewan residents are allowed to camp in provincial parks.
Albertans are allowed to travel within the province, including to vacation homes, cabins, hotels, campgrounds and national and provincial parks. Travellers are asked to abide by physical distancing guidelines and use the province’s mobile contact tracing app while out in public.
There are no border closures or checkpoints. However, officials are advising against non-essential travel in or out of the province until the next phase of Alberta’s reopening strategy.
British Columbia has relaxed restrictions on travel within the province as data suggests that COVID-19 cases have tapered off.
Hotels, motels, spas, resorts, hostels and RV parks are now allowed to resume operating. Most provincial campgrounds, trails and other recreation sites are also open.
However, Premier John Horgan warned British Columbians to plan their trips carefully, because some communities may not be ready to welcome back visitors.
Indigenous leaders from Vancouver Island, the Central Coast and the Interior have raised concerns that the reopening may put Indigenous communities at risk.
In a Facebook post on June 20, Gaagwiis Jason Alsop, president of the Council of the Haida Nation, said the island is still closed to non-residents, and will not reopen for at least three weeks.
Horgan said he is consulting with Indigenous leaders about their concerns.
The premier also discouraged non-essential travel to or from other provinces, including Alberta.
However, he said B.C.’s borders remain open, and entreated out-of-province visitors to abide by public health protocols.
Access to some roads crossing into Yukon and Northwest Territories is restricted.
As of June 15, residents of Nunavut and Northwest Territories were again allowed to cross the border without self-isolating, as long as they haven’t left their territory in the two weeks prior to their trip.
N.W.T. residents have to fill out a form before they can enter Nunavut, and providing false information can result in a fine.
Travel from the rest of Canada is still banned.
Residents who want to fly back to Nunavut must first spend two weeks isolation in either Ottawa, Winnipeg, Edmonton or Yellowknife. After that, asymptomatic residents have to be cleared and get a letter signed by the territory’s chief public health officer in order to board a plane back home.
The borders are closed to leisure travellers, except for Nunavut residents.
Anyone who tries to drive across a border checkpoint without permission faces a ticket if they proceed.
The fine for travel offences is $1,500, with a $225 victim surcharge, that can be handed out daily.
N.W.T. residents who return from out-of-territory travel must self-isolate in one of four communities: Yellowknife, Inuvik, Hay River or Fort Smith.
Residents who travel outside their small communities also have to self-isolate before returning home.
There are special passes for travel between the N.W.T-Alberta border in the Fort Smith area.
Travel restrictions between Yukon and B.C. are set to be lifted on July 1 under the second phase of the territory’s pandemic restart plan.
After that date, travellers between the province and territory will no longer be required to self-isolate for 14 days.
The territory says monitoring the status of neighbouring jurisdictions will determine if it’s safe to further lift restrictions.
Territorial parks and campgrounds have reopened for summer.
This report by The Canadian Press was first published June 29, 2020.